Fritz Beckhardt

Fritz Beckhardt (* 27. März 1889 in Wallertheim; † 13. Januar 1962 in Wiesbaden) war ein hoch dekorierter deutscher Jagdflieger jüdischer Herkunft im Ersten Weltkrieg.

Beckhardt war in seiner Jugend Mitglied der deutschen Turnerschaft. Er gehörte zu Beginn des 20. Jahrhunderts zur assimilierten und patriotisch gesinnten Mehrheit unter den deutschen Juden. Beckhardt stammte aus einer rheinhessischen Händler- und Kaufmannsfamilie mit ländlichem Hintergrund und machte eine Lehre als Textilkaufmann in Bingen am Rhein, Hadamar und Hamburg.

Von Oktober 1909 an absolvierte er beim 4. Unter-Elsässischen Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 143 in Straßburg im Elsass seinen zweijährigen Militärdienst. Bis zum Beginn des Ersten Weltkriegs arbeitete Beckhardt bei einem Onkel in Marseille, der dort eine große Tuchfabrik unterhielt.

Am 3. August 1914 trat er in Altona als Freiwilliger in die 12. Kompanie des Infanterie-Regiments „Graf Bose“ (1. Thüringisches) Nr. 31 ein; am 30. November 1914 wechselte er zum Reserve-Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 86. Während Beckhardt mit seiner Kompanie in den ersten Kriegsmonaten ein eher ruhiges Soldatenleben in der Wachmannschaft einer 42cm-Mörserbatterie (Dicke Bertha) verbrachte, zeichnete er sich im Jahre 1915 als Patrouillenführer durch besonders große Tapferkeit aus. Im Regimentsbericht wurde er als einziger Nichtoffizier zweimal namentlich erwähnt und innerhalb von nur vierzehn Tagen zweimal bis zum Vizefeldwebel befördert. Er erhielt noch als Infanterist bis 1916 unter anderem das Eiserne Kreuz II. und I. Klasse.

Im Januar 1917 wurde Beckhardt zur Fliegertruppe abkommandiert und bei der Flieger-Ersatz-Abteilung 5 (FEA 5) in Hannover und Hamburg-Fuhlsbüttel zum Flugzeugführer ausgebildet. Am 17. Februar 1918 der Jagdstaffel 26 (Jasta 26) zugeteilt, flog er wenig später im neugegründeten Jagdgeschwader 3 (JG III) unter der Führung von Bruno Loerzer an der Seite von Hermann Göring. Sein Glückszeichen, das er sich auf seine Flugzeuge malte, war eine Swastika, ein Hakenkreuz. Damit war Beckhardt der einzige deutsche Kampfflieger jüdischer Abstammung, der dieses Symbol im Ersten Weltkrieg benutzte. Sowohl in Zeitungsberichten als auch in einer von der SS verfassten Häftlingsakte im KZ Buchenwald wurden ihm als Jagdflieger „17 anerkannte Abschüsse“ zugeschrieben. Sieht man von dem getauften Juden und Ritter des Pour le Mérite, Leutnant Wilhelm Frankl ab, dann war Beckhardt bei Kriegsende auf deutscher Seite der höchst dekorierte jüdische Flieger.

Beckhardt wurde nach Kriegsende Mitglied im Reichsbund jüdischer Frontsoldaten (RjF). Auf dem Titel des Buches Jüdische Flieger im Weltkrieg von Felix Aaron Theilhaber (Verlag Der Schild, Berlin 1924), ist er in seinem letzten Jagdflugzeug bei der Kampfeinsitzerstaffel 5, einer Siemens-Schuckert D.III, mit Hakenkreuz abgebildet. Beckhardt gründete nach dem Krieg die Edeka im Bezirk Mainz.

Durch seine seit der Jugend bestehende Freundschaft mit dem späteren Bürgermeister von Wallertheim Peter Bittmann (SPD) näherte sich Beckhardt der Sozialdemokratie an. Er pflegte wie viele Kameraden des RjF freundschaftliche Kontakte zum Wiesbadener Reichsbanner und sein Ladenlokal war zu Beginn der 1930er-Jahre ein Treffpunkt für die Eiserne Front.

Beckhardt wurde Mitglied der Bundesleitung des RjF und versuchte der Diskriminierung der deutschen Juden durch Kontakt zur neuen Regierung entgegenzuwirken. Das „Frontkämpferprivileg“ als Ausnahmeregelung im Gesetz zur Wiederherstellung des Berufsbeamtentums schrieb sich der RjF – vermutlich zu Unrecht – auf seine Fahnen. Die Maßnahme wurde Hindenburg zugeschrieben. Am 28. April 1933 wurde Beckhardt mit weiteren Vorstandsmitgliedern des RjF in der Reichskanzlei von Staatssekretär Hans Heinrich Lammers empfangen. Der Versuch des RjF, Einfluss auf die „Einordnung deutscher Juden in das neue Deutsche Reich“ zu nehmen, blieb weitgehend erfolglos. In der zweiten Jahreshälfte 1933 reiste Beckhardt in die NSDAP-Parteizentrale, das Braune Haus in München, wo er mit Gauleiter Adolf Wagner zusammentraf. Auch dieses Gespräch zur rechtlichen Stellung der jüdischen Frontsoldaten im „neuen Deutschland“ blieb vermutlich folgenlos. Mit Hermann Göring traf er sich ebenfalls 1933. Vermutlich nicht nur, um – wie ein Augenzeuge später berichtet – „Erinnerungen“ auszutauschen.

Beckhardt lebte bis 1934 in Wiesbaden-Sonnenberg als Kaufmann. Nach dem Boykott gegen jüdische Geschäfte vom 1. April 1933 musste er sein Geschäft schließen und übernahm in der Anonymität der Wiesbadener Innenstadt den Lebensmittelgroßhandel eines ausgewanderten jüdischen Kollegen.

Nach der Geburt eines Sohnes und einer Tochter hatte seine intime Beziehung mit einer Hausangestellten 1934 die Geburt eines unehelichen Sohnes zur Folge. Deshalb wurde Beckhardt 1937 von einer Nachbarin denunziert und wegen „Rassenschande“ angeklagt, dann am 14. Dezember 1937 wegen seiner „unbestreitbaren außergewöhnlichen Kriegsverdienste“, wie im Urteilstext vermerkt ist, zu nur einem Jahr und neun Monaten Gefängnis verurteilt. Im Anschluss wurde er auf Anordnung der Gestapo in „Schutzhaft“ genommen und in das KZ Buchenwald verbracht, wo er als Jude und „Rassenschänder“ der Strafkompanie zugeteilt wurde.

Im März 1940 wurde Beckhardt als Häftling mit der Nr. 8.135 aus dem KZ entlassen. Verschiedene Quellen lassen vermuten, dass Hermann Göring beteiligt war. Dieser setzte sich in verschiedenen Fällen für ehemalige Flieger und deren Familien ein, auch wenn sie jüdischer Herkunft waren. Beckhardt emigrierte im Dezember 1940 mit seiner Frau Rosa Emma über Portugal nach England, wo mittlerweile seine Kinder lebten, die noch 1939 mit einem Kindertransport Deutschland verlassen hatten.

1950 kehrte der deutsche Patriot in die eben gegründete Bundesrepublik Deutschland zurück und erhielt nach mehrjährigen Prozessen im Zuge der Wiedergutmachung einen Teil seines „arisierten“ Eigentums zurück. 1955 eröffnete er den ersten Lebensmittel-Selbstbedienungsladen im Großraum Wiesbaden.

1962 starb Beckhardt nach mehreren Schlaganfällen. Er war am Ende seines Lebens verbittert, denn erst spät wurde ihm die mal nur ablehnende, mal offen feindselige Haltung bewusst, die ihm als jüdischem Rückkehrer seitens eines Teils der Bevölkerung und der Behörden entgegengebracht wurde.

Nachdem es der Magistrat der Stadt Wiesbaden 2010 abgelehnt hat, das ursprüngliche Grab Beckhardts über die Ruhezeit hinaus als Ehrengrab zu erhalten, hat ihn die Familie umgebettet. Beckhardt liegt nun zusammen mit seiner Frau Rosa Emma auf dem jüdischen Friedhof in Wiesbaden an der Platter Straße.

Beckhardt war Träger der höchsten militärischen Orden und Ehrenzeichen des Kaiserreichs. Als höchste und außerordentlich seltene Auszeichnung erhielt er das im Ersten Weltkrieg nur 18-mal vergebene Inhaberkreuz des Königlichen Hausordens von Hohenzollern mit Schwertern, neben dem Goldenen Militär-Verdienst-Kreuz die höchste Auszeichnung für Nichtoffiziere. Die erste Publikation zum Inhaberkreuz brachte ein gewisser Schwarke 1936 heraus. Er nannte nur 16 Ausgezeichnete, nicht aber die beiden Juden Edmund Nathanael und Fritz Beckhardt.

Außerdem wurden ihm verliehen:

Guinea under OL

Guinea deltok første gang i olympiske leker under Sommer-OL 1968 i Mexico by, men deltok ikke igjen før under Sommer-OL 1980 i Moskva. De har siden deltatt i samtlige påfølgende sommerleker, men har aldri deltatt i vinterlekene. Guinea har aldri vunnet noen medalje.

Utdypende artikkel: Medaljefordeling under OL

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Голос. Дети (Россия, сезон 2)

вокальный конкурс,
шоу талантов

Ильдус Курмалеев
(режиссёр телеверсии)
Андрей Сычёв
(режиссёр-постановщик)

Евгений Орлов
(музыкальный редактор)

Красный квадрат

Дмитрий Нагиев
Анастасия Чеважевская

Россия Россия

русский

Дима Билан
Пелагея
Максим Фадеев

10

Юрий Аксюта

Москва

многокамерная съёмка

завершён

Первый канал

16:9

стерео

13 февраля 2015 —
17 апреля 2015

1-й сезон

3-й сезон

Второй сезон телевизионного шоу «Голос. Дети» был одной из самых ожидаемых премьер российского «Первого канала» в 2015 году. Выходил с 13 февраля 2015 года по 17 апреля 2015 года.

После успеха первого сезона телепроекта на участие во втором сезоне поступило более 10 тысяч заявок. Для «очного кастинга» пригласили около полутора тысяч детей. Из них в шорт-лист для «слепых прослушиваний» выбрали 120 человек.

Съёмки слепых прослушиваний должны были пройти в октябре 2014 года, но из-за проблем со здоровьем у Максима Фадеева они начались только 17 ноября. В первый день кастинг начали с тех, кто не попал на сцену в прошлом сезоне (до того момента, как подошла их очередь выходить на сцену, команды оказались полностью сформированы). После них уже выступали новые конкурсанты, не участвовавшие в прошлом году.

Во втором сезоне главным ведущим проекта остался Дмитрий Нагиев. Однако у него появилась новая соведущая. Место Натальи Водяновой заняла Анастасия Чеважевская, которая уже знакома телезрителям по шоу «Голос»: в первом его сезоне она была подопечной Димы Билана и запомнилась тем, что выступала, будучи на последних месяцах беременности. Также она исполняла песню «Зацени» из телесериала «Реальные пацаны».


Выпуск вышел в эфир 13 февраля 2015 года. В начале выпуска наставники проекта исполнили кавер на песню «Ob-La-Di, Ob-La-Da».

 — Наставник нажал на кнопку «Я выбираю тебя»;      — Никто из наставников не нажал на кнопку;      — Участник вошёл в команду этого наставника

Выпуск вышел в эфир 20 февраля 2015 года.

 — Наставник нажал на кнопку «Я выбираю тебя»;      — Никто из наставников не нажал на кнопку;      — Участник вошёл в команду этого наставника

Выпуск вышел в эфир 27 февраля 2015 года.

 — Наставник нажал на кнопку «Я выбираю тебя»;      — Никто из наставников не нажал на кнопку;      — Участник вошёл в команду этого наставника

Выпуск вышел в эфир 6 марта 2015 года. Один из участников, Андрей Клубань, не прошёл слепые прослушивания и упал в обморок. По решению организаторов он участвовал снова в следующем выпуске.

 — Наставник нажал на кнопку «Я выбираю тебя»;      — Никто из наставников не нажал на кнопку;      — Участник вошёл в команду этого наставника

Выпуск вышел в эфир 13 марта 2015 года.

 — Наставник нажал на кнопку «Я выбираю тебя»;      — Никто из наставников не нажал на кнопку;      — Участник вошёл в команду этого наставника; × — Наставник не участвовал, потому что свою команду из 15 человек уже набрал

Выпуск вышел в эфир 20 марта 2015 года.

Выпуск вышел в эфир 27 марта 2015 года.

Выпуск вышел в эфир 3 апреля 2015 года.

Выпуск проходил 10 апреля в прямом эфире, выбирали только зрители прямым голосованием.

Выпуск проходил 17 апреля в прямом эфире, выбирали только зрители прямым голосованием.

В каждой команде трое участников борются между собой за выход в суперфинал.

В суперфинале по одному участнику от каждой команды борются за победу.

Дима Билан (1—3, с 5 сезона) • Леонид Агутин (1—3, с 5 сезона) • Полина Гагарина (с 4 сезона) • Григорий Лепс (с 4 сезона)

Дима Билан • Пелагея • Леонид Агутин (с 3 сезона)

Gibril Sankoh

* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only and correct as of 29 December 2015 (UTC).

Gibril Sankoh (born 15 May 1983 in Freetown) is a Sierra Leone footballer who currently plays as a centre back for Chinese side Meizhou Kejia.

After five years with FC Groningen in the Dutch Eredivisie, Sankoh left the club on 20 May 2010 and signed for FC Augsburg. His former teams are De Kennemers and Stormvogels Telstar.

On 6 February 2013, Sankoh transferred to China League One side Henan Jianye.

Sankoh was born in Sierra Leone but grew up in the Netherlands. He didn’t play for the Leone Stars for a long time for different reasons, among a claim he would dislike long flights.

On 8 September 2012, at the age of 29, he finally made his debut for the West African nation in a qualification match against Tunisia for the 2013 Africa Cup of Nations. The Leone Stars were just slightly eliminated and Sankoh got a red card in the second match against the same team on 13 October.

Eurhinosaurus

Eurhinosaurus (‚well-nosed lizard‘) is an extinct genus of ichthyosaur from the Early Jurassic (Toarcian) of Europe (England, Germany, Benelux, France & Switzerland). It was a large genus, exceeding 6 m in length.

The cladogram below follows the topology from a 2015 analysis by Marek et al.

 Macgowania

 Hudsonelpidia

 Temnodontosaurus

 Leptonectes

 Excalibosaurus

 Eurhinosaurus

 Suevoleviathan

 Thunnosauria

Eurhinosaurus looked like a regular ichthyosaur, with a fish-like body including a dorsal and caudal fin, and large eyes, but had one distinct feature that set it apart from other ichthyosaurs. Its upper jaw was twice as long as the lower jaw and covered with up- and downwards-pointing ‚teeth‘, unlike the sawfish’s. It might have been used to search vegetation and crustaceans on the ocean bottom for prey by swinging its upper jaw from side to side against the sea floor like a sawfish, or to violently stab prey to death like swordfish, sailfish and marlins. A Miocene cetacean, Eurhinodelphis, also developed a similar structure.

Francis of Baux

Francis of Baux (French: François des Baux, Italian: Francesco del Balzo; c.1330 – 23 April 1422) was the first Duke of Andria, Count of Montescaglioso and Squillace, and Lord of Berre, Mison, and Tiano. He was the son of Bertrand III of Baux, Count of Andria and Montescaglioso and his second wife, Marguerite d’Aulnay. Francis’s father was a Senator of Rome, Captain General of Tuscany, and Justiciar of Naples. The half-royal Baux family was one of the greatest families of the kingdom after the Duke’s marriage to Marguerite of Taranto in 1348.

In 1349, Francis was given an extensive grant by Louis, Prince of Taranto. Prince Louis had married Joanna I of Naples in 1346 as her second husband, and had become King of Naples; he was crowned in 1352/53. The King was brother to Francis’s second wife, Margaret, whom he had married in 1348. Francis was created Duke of Andria and was the first magnate to be raised to ducal dignity in the kingdom. Andria had been a royal fief which the Duke’s father received from Beatrice of Anjou, by virtue of her dower.

On the death of Philip II, Prince of Taranto in 1373, Marguerite and Francis claimed Taranto and Philip’s Greek lands (chiefly the Principality of Achaea and its dependent territories) and titles for themselves and their son, James of Baux, as the last male descendant of Philip I, Prince of Taranto. Margaret’s claim was supported by Pope Gregory XI. Queen Joanna, however, decided to exercise direct rule over the Prince of Taranto’s Greek possessions. In April 1374, Queen Joanna decided to suppress the family and stripped Francis of all his lands and titles. This action led to a civil war between the Queen and the Baux family. An account is recorded in the Aragonese version of the Chronicle of the Morea.

Francis married three times. In 1337, he married firstly to Luisa de San Severino, daughter of Tamasso III de San Severino, Count of Marsico; they had no issue.

In 1348, Francis married secondly to Margaret of Taranto, daughter of Philip I, Prince of Taranto by his second wife, Catherine of Valois, titular Latin Empress of Constantinople. She died about September 1380 in imprisonment. They had two children:

In 1381, Francis married thirdly to Sueva Orsini, by whom he had issue including Margaret of Baux; mother of Jacquetta of Luxembourg. Through Margaret, Francis was a great-grandfather of queen consort Elizabeth Woodville, wife of King Edward IV of England.

Tyler Brennan

Tyler Brennan is a fictional character from the Australian television soap opera Neighbours, played by Travis Burns. The actor was asked to audition for the role in 2014, while he was working in the United States. After winning the role, Burns relocated to Australia. Neighbours marks Burns‘ first Australian television acting job. He made his first screen appearance during the episode broadcast on 6 February 2015.

Tyler was introduced as the younger brother of established character Mark Brennan (Scott McGregor). He is portrayed as an impulsive, cocky „badboy-with-a-heart“. Burns said that Tyler was untidy and relaxed, which was the exact opposite of Mark. Tyler had a short-lived romance with Imogen Willis (Ariel Kaplan), before switching his attentions to her half-sister Paige Smith (Olympia Valance).

One of Tyler’s longest running story arcs focused on his involvement with Dennis Dimato’s (David Serafin) stolen car ring. Tyler eventually realised that he was in too deep and made a confession to Mark, which resulted in his arrest. Tyler and Mark’s brother Aaron (Matt Wilson) and father Russell (Russell Kiefel) were also introduced in 2015. Russell’s introduction marked the start of a „controversial“ domestic violence storyline, as it emerged that he had abused Tyler when he was younger.

On 30 October 2014, the serial’s official website announced that actor and model Travis Burns had been cast as Tyler Brennan, the younger brother of established character Mark Brennan (Scott McGregor). Burns was working in the United States when he was asked to audition for the part in early 2014. After securing the role, Burns relocated back to Australia. Of his casting, he said „When you score a role on a show as iconic as Neighbours, you don’t say no. It’s especially cool to be joining the show in its 30th-anniversary year. I feel like I’ve arrived at the perfect time.“ Neighbours marks Burns’s first Australian television acting job, following his on-screen debut in The CW series SAF3. Burns had previously met McGregor through their modelling agency and believed that they had developed a „brotherly spark“ through that connection, which he felt helped him secure the role. He also believed the role was meant to be his as his young nephew is also named Tyler. Burns made his screen debut as Tyler on 6 February 2015.

Tyler is a mechanic and the youngest of four siblings. Tyler’s profile on the official Neighbours website billed him as „cheeky, charming and cocky“. While Melissa Field from TV Week Soap Extra described him as a „badboy-with-a-heart“, a „ladies‘ man“ and a „troublesome little brother“. Tyler is also impulsive and suffers from „a short attention span“. Burns explained that Tyler was the exact opposite of his older brother Mark, branding Tyler untidy, relaxed and „a go-with-the-flow type of guy“. In August 2015, Burns told TV Soap’s Tim Falk that Tyler’s storylines had allowed him to explore many different sides of the character. He explained „I feel that Tyler has not only changed but he has definitely grown from his experiences while living on Ramsay Street. I think he can be quite misunderstood, so it’s been nice to watch different layers of him unfold.“

After attending a toga party at the local university, Tyler came across a hungover Imogen Willis (Ariel Kaplan) and carried her to his motorbike. Burns commented that „sparks fly“ between them. Tyler brought Imogen home to Ramsay Street and she hit her head, after falling from the bike. Imogen’s state caused her friend Daniel Robinson (Tim Phillipps) to believe that Tyler had taken advantage of her. Daniel confronted Tyler and when it escalated, Tyler was taken into police custody. Tyler then had the station call his brother, who was „not overly impressed“ at having to bail him out. Burns admitted that the brothers had a complicated relationship and had not been in touch with each other for a long time. Tyler moved in with Mark and asked him for a job at the garage. Mark was not happy with the idea and Burns explained, „He knows Tyler never finishes anything he starts! But after reconsidering, he decides to give Tyler a second chance for once, and puts in a good word for him.“ Burns added that Mark wanted to see if Tyler would prove him wrong.

After settling in, Tyler asked Imogen to spend some time with him. She agreed, but had no intention of pursuing a relationship with him due to her feelings for Daniel. However, Imogen’s sister Paige Smith (Olympia Valance), believed that there could be something more between them and invited them both to a pool party. Imogen tried to make it clear that Tyler was more suited to Paige. But after Paige encouraged Tyler to get to know Imogen better, they bonded. Tyler’s crush on Imogen faded when he realised she was in love with Daniel. Valance observed „Imogen’s too smart for him. That whole thing was Imogen trying to distract herself from her love for Daniel.“ A couple of months later, Tyler proved to be „a welcome distraction“ for Imogen at a law society meeting. They went on to play a game of strip poker at the Men’s Shed, while flirting heavily with each other. Tyler later convinced Imogen to „embrace her wilder side“ and when he asked her on a date, she took him paintballing. After returning to Tyler’s house, they ended up kissing and Tyler tried to take things further, but Imogen panicked and left.

Imogen and Tyler’s flirtation eventually developed into a romance and Imogen decided to lose her virginity to him. Kaplan explained that Imogen believed having sex with Tyler would help her to move on from her feelings for Daniel. Her peers were all in relationships and she thought she should be in one too. Kaplan continued, „Tyler is fun, there’s nothing offensive about him, and he’s probably the distraction she needs at this time.“ Imogen soon began having doubts about the relationship. When she and Tyler were together in his bedroom, she admitted to him that she was still in love with Daniel. Kaplan said that Imogen realised that she would be losing her virginity to Tyler for all the wrong reasons, and did not want to regret it. Imogen then fled Tyler’s house, leaving him alone and confused.

After realising that Imogen did not reciprocate his feelings, Tyler switched his attentions to Paige, who had once dated his brother. She initially told him that she would not be his second choice, but when she learned that Mark had moved on with someone else, she changed her mind. Tyler thought Paige might be using him to get back at Mark, but Paige assured him that she was genuinely interested in him. After spending the day flirting, Tyler and Paige kissed, but during the moment Paige called out Mark’s name. Paige and Tyler then decided to just be friends. When Paige and Tyler were forced to work together to pay off their debt to Michelle Kim (Ra Chapman), they became involved in a fake relationship to cover up their illegal activities. To try to get out of debt, Paige and Tyler tried to raise some money by taking part in a bikini car wash. After realising that they made a good team, Tyler made a romantic advance towards Paige, but she rebuffed him. However, Paige later changed her mind and returned to the garage with the intention of having sex with Tyler, but she discovered he had already moved on with a customer.

Valance thought Paige was better off with Tyler’s brother, commenting „I think she needs someone with a bit more maturity – Paige and Tyler are a lethal combination.“ When Tyler and Paige became stuck in a well together, they gave into their feelings for each other and kissed. Tyler was pleased by the development in their relationship, but Paige later admitted to him that she still had feelings for Mark. Tyler was then forced to tell her that he just wanted to be friends. Burns said „Tyler would keep fighting for Paige, even if she was going out with his brother!“ The actor believed that Tyler would respect the situation if Paige was with his brother, but he would secretly be trying to win her back, as he really liked her. Tyler later learned that Paige and Mark had decided to get back together and Burns commented that it hurt Tyler to see them as a couple, as he had felt a genuine connection with Paige.

Tyler began working for businessman Dennis Dimato (David Serafin) to earn more money, but soon realised that the work he was carrying out was illegal when he was asked to strip Imogen’s stolen car for parts. Dimato later called in a favour from Tyler, asking him to spy on Mark and the police investigation into his business. Tyler learned that Mark’s sergeant did not think the case was worth pursuing, but Mark wanted to bring Dimato down on his own. When Matt Turner (Josef Brown) later saw Tyler and Dimato together, he warned Tyler to stay away from him. That same day, Paige caught Tyler checking out cars to steal and he was forced to tell her the truth about his job with Dimato. When Dimato and his associates started looking for a new base to continue their illegal car parts business, Tyler tried put them off buying the garage by telling that it had an uncertain future as the owner was selling it. However, Tyler realised he had made a mistake when Dimato decided to buy garage and pointed out that it provided Tyler with the perfect cover.

Both Tyler and Paige were later blackmailed into selling stolen car parts to pay off their debts to Dimato and his partner Michelle. When Tyler missed a meeting with Joey Dimato (Steven Sammut), who was leaving a stolen car at the garage, Paige’s younger brother Bailey Turner (Calen Mackenzie) took the car. Michelle told Tyler to find the car or she would make him pay. But when she overheard Paige telling Tyler that she had reported the car to the police, Michelle ordered them both to pay her the money owed or get another car. A TV Soap columnist noted, „Tyler knows he’s getting in way over his head, but he also knows it’s far too late to back out“. Michelle later blackmailed Paige into taking a job at the garage selling the stolen car parts.

Tyler and Paige tried to make the garage go legitimate by setting up car washes and automotive courses, but they were soon drawn back into Dimato’s crime syndicate when Joey left them a bag of money and Michelle ordered them to make a drop-off. When they discovered that a community fundraiser was taking place near the drop-off point, they decided to leave the money in an old well and return for it later. However, they became stuck in the well when they realised that they could not surface with the money due to a large amount of people nearby. Tyler and Paige later learned that there was $6000 missing from the bag and Tyler was „viciously beaten“ when he asked for more time to find the money.

When Tyler realised that he was in „too deep“ with Dimato, he eventually admitted his involvement to Mark, believing it was the right course of action. However it resulted in his arrest. Burns explained that Tyler believed that his confession would mean Mark would go easier on him, but „he’s heartbroken when Mark arrests him – you don’t expect that from your own brother!“ When the police offered him a reduced sentence, Tyler agreed to become their informant and wore a wire to a meeting with Michelle. However, before he could get any incriminating evidence, the transmitter was damaged. Tyler then learned that Dimato was returning to town and he agreed to go undercover again. But Dimato got to him first and Tyler was forced to attend a meeting with Dimato and his associates.

When Mark felt that Tyler had „gone off the rails“, he invited their brother Aaron (Matt Wilson) to help, as he knew Aaron and Tyler were close. Wilson explained that it had been six years since the brothers had seen each other. He said Aaron was an opportunist like Tyler and often acted as a mediator between him and Mark. Burns told Inside Soap’s Sarah Ellis that Aaron’s arrival changed the dynamic between Tyler and Mark. He continued, „One of us will always take the other’s side and we end up teaming up against each other.“ Shortly after Aaron’s arrival, Tyler tried to set him up with his friend Nate Kinski (Meyne Wyatt), but they quickly realised that they had nothing in common. Following Tyler’s arrest, Aaron bailed him out of jail. This made Mark „furious“, as he believed that they were teaming up against him. He then threw Tyler out of his house. Burns said Tyler initially believes Mark is joking, but he was forced to stay in the Men’s Shed for a few nights. An Inside Soap reporter observed that Tyler and Mark’s relationship was at „an all-time low“.

The Brennan family was expanded again following the introduction of the Brennan brothers‘ father Russell (Russell Kiefel) in August 2015. The family became the centre of „a controversial“ domestic violence storyline. When Tyler saw his father on Ramsay Street, he packed up his belongings and left. Burns explained that Tyler initially felt „pain and fear“ upon seeing his father and chose to avoid him, as he was worried that what happened between them would happen again. After leaving the street, Tyler stayed at the Men’s Shed. When Karl found him, Tyler opened up to him about the physical abuse he suffered at Russell’s hands. Burns said, „Tyler feels he can trust Karl, so he opens up and tells him everything. The relationship between Tyler and Russell is obviously very damaged – but it’s been great for me as an actor to be able to bring it to life on screen.“ Falk (TV Soap) observed that the abuse Tyler suffered had „a huge influence“ on the man that he became. Falk branded it „a compelling storyline“ and said that it helped to explore the Brennan’s complex family relationships.

When Tyler invited Karl’s grandson Ben Kirk (Felix Mallard) to work on a bike, Russell also invited himself along. Burns explained to Alana Wulff of TV Week Soap Extra that Tyler was initially hesitant because of what happened between them in the past. However, he was surprised when he and Russell bonded and played practical jokes on Ben. But when Ben got his own back on Russell, he lost his temper and threatened them both, forcing Karl to step in. Tyler then suffered flashbacks to his teenage years with his father. Burns added „When Tyler’s alone with his dad, he fears the worst – that anything could go wrong at any second.“

Tyler takes a hungover Imogen Willis home and she cuts her head falling from his motorbike. Daniel Robinson and Paige Smith accuse Tyler of assaulting Imogen and they fight, causing them to be arrested. At the station, Tyler is reunited with his brother Mark. He moves in with Mark and gets a job at the local garage. Needing money to pay the rent, Tyler contemplates selling his bike, but is offered a job by Dennis Dimato. He is tasked with stripping Imogen’s stolen car for parts, but he returns it anonymously, after agreeing to do a favour for Dimato. Tyler bonds with Imogen and he kisses Paige, but after she calls out his brother’s name, they agree to be friends. Tyler steals a car for Dimato, but it is tracked by the police and Tyler is forced to hide while Dimato is arrested. Dimato purchases the garage to continue his operations and then flees the country. His partner Michelle Kim takes over his business and makes Tyler steal more cars. Imogen and Tyler go on a couple of dates, and Imogen decides to lose her virginity to him, but soon changes her mind.

Paige’s brother Bailey takes one of the stolen cars and when it is reclaimed, Michelle demands Paige and Tyler get her $8,000 or another car. Michelle also blackmails Paige into working with Tyler at the garage. Tyler develops feelings for Paige, but she is still in love with Mark; however, when he catches them working late at night, they are forced to tell him they are dating. Paige and Tyler try to make the garage a legitimate business in order to pay off their debts. Joey Dimato leaves them a bag of money that needs to be dropped off. Not wanting to be caught with it, they throw it down a well and retrieve it later. They discover some of the money has been stolen and Tyler is beaten. He refuses to go to the hospital and Paige gets him some painkillers. He tells his brother that he came off his bike. Tyler becomes dependent on the painkillers and steals Karl Kennedy’s prescription pad to get more, causing tension between him and Nate Kinski. Mark contacts their brother Aaron and asks him to visit, knowing that he and Tyler are close.

Karl discovers the missing prescriptions and Tyler confesses to taking them. He also admits to Mark that he has been working for Dimato. Mark arrests Tyler and asks him to leave the house. Nate persuades Karl to let Tyler stay with him. Tyler agrees to wear a wire and meet with Michelle, in return for the charges against him being dropped. When the wire is damaged, a second sting is organised, but Dimato returns and takes Tyler to a meeting at a warehouse. Tyler attempts to run away, but is quickly caught. Before he is harmed, Mark and the police arrive to arrest Dimato and his accomplices. Tyler attempts to tell Paige that he has feelings for her, but soon learns that she and Mark are back together. He befriends Karl’s grandson Ben, but when Ben skips school to spend the day with him, Karl and Susan (Jackie Woodburne) tell Tyler to be more responsible. He decides to move home, but when he spots his father, Russell, in the street, he stays at the Men’s Shed. Tyler then admits to Karl that Russell used to beat him. Russell eventually apologises to Tyler for his actions.

Tyler and Russell spend the day with Ben, and they bond when they play practical jokes on him. But when Russell loses his temper with Ben, Tyler is reminded of their past. Russell later goads Tyler and Tyler punches him. He then tells Mark about the abuse he endured when he was younger, and his brothers ask Russell to leave. Ben accidentally leaves the garage unlocked, leading to the theft of tools and Tyler’s bike. Paige helps Tyler to find the stolen items and he kisses her, but Paige assures him that she loves his brother. Tyler helps Mark arrest the thief and he later meets the new owner of the garage Lucas Fitzgerald (Scott Major), who keeps him on as manager. Tyler is tasked with hiring another mechanic for the garage and he offers the job to Stephanie Scully (Carla Bonner). He later discovers Steph kidnapped Lucas‘ son while suffering from a psychotic break. Steph convinces him and Lucas she has changed and keeps her job. Tyler manipulates Paige and Mark into talking about having children, knowing Mark wants to be a father but Paige is not ready. Aaron confronts him on his behaviour, realising he is trying to break them up. Tyler helps out with a protest sleep-out to save Erinsborough High, but when a fire breaks out, he is trapped with Paige in a lift. He confesses his love for her, before passing out due to smoke inhalation. Paige manages to get Tyler breathing again and they are rescued by Mark. At the hospital, Tyler tells Paige that he does not want to ruin her relationship with Mark and that he plans to move on.

Tyler befriends Piper Willis (Mavournee Hazel), but she develops a crush on him. After she kisses him, he tells her nothing can happen as she is too young for him. Tyler then goes on a date with Imogen, but turns her down when she attempts to seduce him. Piper’s mother Terese Willis (Rebekah Elmaloglou) later overhears Tyler talking to Piper about their kiss, and she and Brad (Kip Gamblin) forbid them from seeing each other. Imogen develops feelings for Tyler despite being back together with Daniel, so Tyler propositions her, as a ploy to get her to realise she wants to be with Daniel. Tyler tells the police that his interference with equipment in the hotel boiler room may have caused the explosion, but he is soon cleared as he didn’t touch the gas valve.

The character has received a positive reception from television critics for being aesthetically pleasing. During his first appearance, a Coventry Evening Telegraph reporter branded Tyler „an attractive stranger“. A TV Week columnist called the character „hunky“ and observed „everyone loves good Neighbours, especially one as hot as this newcomer!“ Another contributor to the publication called Tyler the „new resident hottie“. While an Inside Soap columnist labelled him „troublesome“. Their colleague Michael Cregan praised the character, saying „imagine how thrilled we were to hear that there’s another hunky Brennan brother in town. Happily for us, it looks as if Tyler shares the family aversion to clothes!“

Another Inside Soap columnist dubbed Tyler „eye candy for the slightly younger lady“ and thought his „womanising ways“ could cause trouble. A reporter for the Sunday Mail branded Tyler a „loveable tearaway“, and quipped „as one might expect, Tyler shilling for the cops in an attempt to nab Dimato has not gone down well.“ During a feature on the Brennan brothers, Claire Crick from All About Soap commented „if you prefer the bad-boy vibe and like to be kept on your toes, Tyler’s definitely your perfect match“.

Christian Floquet

Vous pouvez partager vos connaissances en l’améliorant (comment ?) selon les recommandations des projets correspondants.

en ajoutant des sources sûres. Toute information controversée sans source ou d’une source de mauvaise qualité à propos d’une personne vivante doit être supprimée immédiatement, en particulier si celle-ci est potentiellement diffamatoire. Pour une aide complémentaire consultez également Wikipédia:Notoriété des personnes.

Christian Floquet (né en 1961 à Genève) est un artiste suisse qui vit à Genève et travaille à Genève et Paris.

Il fait partie du courant Néo-géo.

Arnauld Pierre, Christian Floquet: engager la peinture , Genève, MAMCO, , 279 p.  (ISBN 9782940159567)

Entscheidungsproblem

In mathematics and computer science, the Entscheidungsproblem (pronounced [ɛntˈʃaɪ̯dʊŋspʁoˌbleːm], German for ‚decision problem‘) is a challenge posed by David Hilbert in 1928. The Entscheidungsproblem asks for an algorithm that takes as input a statement of a first-order logic (possibly with a finite number of axioms beyond the usual axioms of first-order logic) and answers „Yes“ or „No“ according to whether the statement is universally valid, i.e., valid in every structure satisfying the axioms. By the completeness theorem of first-order logic, a statement is universally valid if and only if it can be deduced from the axioms, so the Entscheidungsproblem can also be viewed as asking for an algorithm to decide whether a given statement is provable from the axioms using the rules of logic.

In 1936, Alonzo Church and Alan Turing published independent papers showing that a general solution to the Entscheidungsproblem is impossible, assuming that the intuitive notion of „effectively calculable“ is captured by the functions computable by a Turing machine (or equivalently, by those expressible in the lambda calculus). This assumption is now known as the Church–Turing thesis.

The origin of the Entscheidungsproblem goes back to Gottfried Leibniz, who in the seventeenth century, after having constructed a successful mechanical calculating machine, dreamt of building a machine that could manipulate symbols in order to determine the truth values of mathematical statements. He realized that the first step would have to be a clean formal language, and much of his subsequent work was directed towards that goal. In 1928, David Hilbert and Wilhelm Ackermann posed the question in the form outlined above.

In continuation of his „program,“ Hilbert posed three questions at an international conference in 1928, the third of which became known as „Hilbert’s Entscheidungsproblem.“ As late as 1930, he believed that there would be no such thing as an unsolvable problem.

Before the question could be answered, the notion of „algorithm“ had to be formally defined. This was done by Alonzo Church in 1936 with the concept of „effective calculability“ based on his λ calculus and by Alan Turing in the same year with his concept of Turing machines. Turing immediately recognized that these are equivalent models of computation.

The negative answer to the Entscheidungsproblem was then given by Alonzo Church in 1935–36 and independently shortly thereafter by Alan Turing in 1936. Church proved that there is no computable function which decides for two given λ-calculus expressions whether they are equivalent or not. He relied heavily on earlier work by Stephen Kleene. Turing reduced the halting problem for Turing machines to the Entscheidungsproblem. The work of both authors was heavily influenced by Kurt Gödel’s earlier work on his incompleteness theorem, especially by the method of assigning numbers (a Gödel numbering) to logical formulas in order to reduce logic to arithmetic.

The Entscheidungsproblem is related to Hilbert’s tenth problem, which asks for an algorithm to decide whether Diophantine equations have a solution. The non-existence of such an algorithm, established by Yuri Matiyasevich in 1970, also implies a negative answer to the Entscheidungsproblem.

Some first-order theories are algorithmically decidable; examples of this include Presburger arithmetic, real closed fields and static type systems of many programming languages. The general first-order theory of the natural numbers expressed in Peano’s axioms cannot be decided with such an algorithm, however.

Having practical decision procedures for classes of logical formulas is of considerable interest for program verification and circuit verification. Pure Boolean logical formulas are usually decided using SAT-solving techniques based on the DPLL algorithm. Conjunctive formulas over linear real or rational arithmetic can be decided using the simplex algorithm, formulas in linear integer arithmetic (Presburger arithmetic) can be decided using Cooper’s algorithm or William Pugh’s Omega test. Formulas with negations, conjunctions and disjunctions combine the difficulties of satisfiability testing with that of decision of conjunctions; they are generally decided nowadays using SMT-solving technique, which combine SAT-solving with decision procedures for conjunctions and propagation techniques. Real polynomial arithmetic, also known as the theory of real closed fields, is decidable; this is Tarski–Seidenberg theorem, which has been implemented in computers by using the cylindrical algebraic decomposition.

Die große Versuchung – Lügen bis der Arzt kommt

Die große Versuchung – Lügen bis der Arzt kommt (The Grand Seduction) ist eine kanadische Filmkomödie aus dem Jahr 2013. Sie ist ein Remake der erfolgreichen, ebenfalls kanadischen Filmkomödie Die große Verführung (La grande séduction) aus dem Jahr 2003, die den gleichen Stoff behandelt und für die derselbe Drehbuchautor verantwortlich zeichnet. Sie startete in Deutschland am 10. Juli 2014.

Die Geschichte beginnt damit, dass Murray French als Junge über seinen Vater spricht. Er war einer der Fischer des kleinen Hafens Tickle Head in Neufundland. Nun, in der Gegenwart, ist der alte Murray einer der arbeitslosen Fischer des heruntergekommenen Ortes, die jeden Monat ihre Sozialhilfe beziehen.

Der Bürgermeister des Ortes sieht sich in der Lage, eine Firma für petrochemische Erzeugnisse im Ort anzusiedeln und somit lang ersehnte Arbeitsplätze zu schaffen. Jedoch stellt die Firma bestimmte Anforderungen. Eine ist, dass im Ort ärztliche Versorgung gewährleistet sein muss. Da dies aber seit acht Jahren erfolglos schon versucht wurde scheint diese Hürde unüberwindbar. Resignierend verlassen immer mehr Menschen den kleinen Ort, darunter auch der Bürgermeister selbst. Murray übernimmt seine Aufgaben.

Der Zufall will es, dass der ehemalige Bürgermeister an seiner neuen Arbeitsstelle am Flughafenzoll einen jungen Arzt erwischt, wie dieser Kokain schmuggeln will. Aus Angst vor einer Gefängnisstrafe will er den Beamten „mit irgendwas“ bestechen, und der lässt sich allzu gerne darauf ein. Und schon darf er einen Monat „zwangsverpflichtet“ Dienst in Tickle Head verrichten. In diesem einen Monat müssen die Bewohner versuchen ihn von den Vorzügen einer dauerhaften Bleibe zu überzeugen. Hierzu werden alle Hebel in Bewegung gesetzt: Der Ort wird einer gründlichen Reinigung unterzogen, dem cricketbegeisterten Arzt wird vorgegaukelt, dass Cricket der Lieblingsport der Dorfbewohner sei und selbst die junge hübsche Postmeisterin soll als Anziehung einbezogen werden, was sie aber ablehnt. Auch ist der junge Arzt bereits verlobt. Eine Verbindung, die aber im Laufe des Films und vielen Telefonaten zerbröckelt, wie die Dorfgemeinschaft erfährt. Denn das Telefon wird angezapft und jedes Gespräch mitgeschnitten um über die Gedanken des Arztes stets im Bilde zu sein. So erfährt man z. B. auch sein Leibgericht, das ihm dann prompt serviert wird. Auch über seinen verstorbenen Vater, der ihm sehr fehlt, wissen die Bewohner bestens Bescheid und Murray mimt nun mit Angelausflügen und vielen aufmerksamen Worten eine väterliche Zuwendung. Dazu erfindet er sogar einen verstorbenen Sohn.

Nun, da die erste Bedingung der Investoren nahezu erfüllt scheint, tauchen neue Hürden auf. So benötigt die Firmenleitung für ein Engagement 150 Arbeitskräfte. Der Ort hat aber nur 120 Einwohner. Also erschafft man während eines Besuches der Investoren durch eine Illusion eine Einwohnerzahl von über 160 Personen: Indem die 84 Besucher des Pubs (verborgen gezählt von einem der Manager), nachdem die Investoren diesen zuerst verlassen haben, die Kneipe ebenfalls rasch verlassen, durch den Ort laufen und in der Kirche Platz nehmen, wohin die Fabrikanten von Murray auf einem anderen Weg geführt werden. Eine weitere Hürde, die nun auftaucht, ist ein hohes Schmiergeld, das der Investor verlangt. Nachdem man dieses unter halblegalen Umständen beschafft hat – der einzige Bankangestellte des Ortes gewährte, um den Preis seines Arbeitsplatzes, eigenmächtig einen Kredit, den das Mutterhaus zuvor streng abgelehnt hatte –, erscheint es nun so, dass der Arzt nicht mehr bleiben möchte. Auch hier versucht man durch „Eifersuchtspiele“ (ein Tourist wird als konkurrierender Arzt ausgegeben) seine Bereitschaft zu fördern, doch zu bleiben.

Am Schluss kommt alles zu einem guten Ende. Der junge Arzt bleibt (obwohl er von der verlogenen Maskerade erfuhr) und Fabrik gibt allen Arbeit. Und ein tiefer letzter Blick der jungen Postbeamtin zum Arzt lässt Raum für Interpretationen.

Der Film hatte seine Premiere beim Toronto International Film Festival 2013.

Der Film erhielt eine 60-prozentige positive Wertung bei den Rotten Tomatoes, während eine Publikumsbefragung dort sogar 72 Prozent Zustimmung zeitigte.

Das Portal kino.de berichtet: Don McKellars „Die große Versuchung“ ist so liebenswert gutgläubig wie seine Hauptfigur, ist ein Sozialmärchen, das von einer amüsanten Prämisse, kauzigen, aber nie überzeichneten Figuren, lakonischem Witz und gelungenem Timing lebt.

Die Zeitschrift epd Film schreibt hingegen: Viel schwerer wiegt allerdings, dass der Film überdeutlich sein Kalkül vor sich her trägt. So knorrig seine Protagonisten sind, so glatt ist die Inszenierung.