Oedipina complex

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Nom binominal

Oedipina complex
(Dunn, 1924)


Statut de conservation UICN

( LC )
LC  : Préoccupation mineure

Oedipina complex est une espèce d’urodèles de la famille des Plethodontidae.

Cette espèce est endémique de l’Amérique centrale. Elle se rencontre jusqu’à 800 m d’altitude :

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Copicut River

The Copicut River, or Copecut River, is a 2.2-mile-long (3.5 km) stream in the U.S. state of Massachusetts.

The river flows south from Copicut Reservoir (formerly the Copicut Swamp), in Dartmouth and Fall River, to Cornell Pond near Hixville in Dartmouth. From there the Shingle Island River drains into Noquochoke Lake, which the East Branch Westport River drains in turn into the Rhode Island Sound.

The river is currently polluted with Polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) contamination from Re-Solve, Inc., which operated chemical reclamation facility nearby from 1956-1980. In 1983 the Environmental Protection Agency listed the area as a Superfund site, and in 1985 removed 15,000 cubic yards (11,000 m3) of contaminated soils and sludges. Since 1988 the Massachusetts Department of Public Health has advised against consuming fish from Cornell Pond or Copicut River.

Language module

Language module refers to a hypothesized structure in the human brain (anatomical module) or cognitive system (functional module) that some psycholinguists such as Steven Pinker claim contains innate capacities for language. There is currently ongoing debate about this in the field of cognitive science (psycholinguistics) and neuroscience (neurolinguistics).

The debate on the issue of modularity in language is underpinned, in part, by different understandings of this concept. There is, however, some consensus in the literature that a module is considered committed to processing specialized representations (domain-specificity) (Bryson and Stein, 2001) in an informationally encapsulated way. A distinction should be drawn between anatomical modularity, which proposes there is one ‚area‘ in the brain that deals with this processing, and functional modularity that obviates anatomical modularity whilst maintaining information encapsulation in distributed parts of the brain.

The available evidence points towards no one anatomical area solely devoted to processing language. The Wada test, where sodium amobarbital is used to anaesthetise one hemisphere, shows that the left-hemisphere appears to be crucial in language processing. Yet, neuroimaging does not implicate any single area but rather identifies many different areas as being involved in different aspects of language processing (Raichle, 1998) and not just in the left hemisphere. Further, individual areas appear to subserve a number of different functions (Raichle, 1998). Thus, the extent to which language processing occurs within an anatomical module is considered to be minimal. Nevertheless, as many have suggested, modular processing can still exist even when implemented across the brain; that is, language processing could occur within a functional module.

A common way to demonstrate modularity is to find a double dissociation. That is two groups: First, people for whom language is severely damaged and yet have normal cognitive abilities and, second, persons for whom normal cognitive abilities are grossly impaired and yet language remains intact. Whilst extensive lesions in the left hemisphere perisylvian area can render persons unable to produce or perceive language (global aphasia), there is no known acquired case where language is completely intact in the face of severe non-linguistic deterioration. Thus, functional module status cannot be granted to language processing based on this evidence.

However, other evidence from developmental studies has been presented (most famously by Pinker) as supporting a language module, namely the purported dissociation between Specific Language Impairment (SLI), where language is disrupted whilst other mental abilities are not, and Williams Syndrome (WS) where language is said to be spared despite severe mental deficits. More recent and empirically robust work has shown that these claims may be inaccurate, thus, considerably weakening support for dissociation. For example, work reviewed by Brock and Mervis and Beccera demonstrated that language abilities in WS are no more than would be predicted by non-linguistic abilities. Further, there is considerable debate concerning whether SLI is actually a language disorder or whether its aetiology is due to a more general cognitive (e.g. phonological) problem. Thus, the evidence needed to complete the picture for modularity – intact language coupled with gross intellectual deterioration – is not forthcoming. Consequently, developmental data offers little support for the notion that language processing occurs within a module.

Thus, the evidence from double dissociations does not support modularity, although it should be noted that lack of dissociation is not evidence against a module; this inference cannot be logically made.

Indeed, if language were a module it would be informationally encapsulated. Yet, there is evidence to suggest that this is not the case. For instance, in the McGurk effect, watching lips say one phoneme whilst another is played creates the percept of a blended phoneme. Further, Tanenhaus, Spivey-Knowlton, Eberhard and Sedivy (1995) demonstrated visual information mediating syntactic processing. In addition, the putative language module should process only that information relevant to language (i.e., be domain-specific). Yet evidence suggests that areas purported to subserve language also mediate motor control and non-linguistic sound comprehension. Although it is possible that separate processes could be occurring but below the resolution of current imaging techniques, when all this evidence is taken together the case for information encapsulation is weakened.

The alternative, as it is framed, is that language occurs within a more general cognitive system. The counterargument is that there appears to be something ‘special’ about human language. This is usually supported by evidence such as all attempts to teach animals human languages to any great success have failed (Hauser et al. 2003) and that language can be selectively damaged (a single dissociation) suggesting proprietary computation may be required. Instead of postulating ‚pure‘ modularity, theorists have opted for a weaker version, domain-specificity implemented in functionally specialised neural circuits and computation (e.g. Jackendoff and Pinker’s words, we must investigate language “not as a monolith but as a combination of components, some special to language, others rooted in more general capacities”).

The debate is ongoing.


Vampirates is a series of books by British author Justin Somper, about a set of twin children, Connor and Grace Tempest, who get separated at sea and are picked up by two very different ships. The term Vampirate refers to a vampire living on the pirate ship, the Nocturne. Later changed to „Nocturnal“ to differentiate themselves from rebellious and uncontrolled Vampirates.

The year is 2512 and the Tempest twins, Grace and Connor, decide to leave their small town of Crescent Moon Bay after their father’s death. They take their boat out, which has been claimed by the bank, into the ocean in the middle of a horrible storm and they become shipwrecked. Saved by a passing pirate ship Connor is pulled aboard by the pirate Cheng Li and quickly adjusts to his new life as a pirate prodigy. Meanwhile, Grace is rescued from the sea by the Irish vampire pirate (Vampirate) Lorcan Furey and pulled onto a strange ship. She soon discovers that the ship is not a pirate ship, but a Vampirate ship instead. As they fight to find each other, they discover that they have chosen different paths and loyalties, but will they ever find each other again, or is it too late?

Grace Tempest: Described as being highly intelligent, Grace is rescued on to The Nocturne by Lorcan Furey. She, despite her initial fears, grows to enjoy the company of her new peers, especially Lorcan, Darcy Flotsam (the ship’s figurehead who comes to life at night) and the mysterious captain. She is especially more open minded than her brother, and is willing to accept the Vampirate’s ways, rather than dismiss them as cruel. Later in the series, she often leaves her brother to return or stay with the ship.

Connor Tempest: Connor is introduced as an athletic boy, who excelled in many sports, though appears slightly less intelligent that his sister. He is also more afraid of the ocean than Grace. He is rescued by Cheng Li, the deputy captain of the Diablo, a pirate ship. Although he is initially preoccupied with finding his sister, he quickly settles down into life aboard the ship, and becomes a prodigy in the eyes of his capitan, Molucco Wrathe and his crew mates, Bart, Jez and Cate. However, Connor is uneasy with certain aspects of pirate life, primarily killing, and this forces him to evaluate his life and future as a pirate.

Lorcan Furey – Lorcan maintains many roles upon the Nocturne, and he rises through the ranks as the series continues. He is first introduced when he saves Grace from drowning. He is described as having an „Irish brouge“, with blue eyes and black hair. Lorcan was born in Ireland, and ‚crossed‘ when he was 17.

The Captain – The Captain is the mysterious man in charge of the Nocturne, who largely remains nameless. The captain is later revealed as, Obsidian Darke. He is very selfless, to the point where he physically carries troubled souls within his body, even when it nearly kills him. He cares deeply for the twins, and has developed an especially strong bond with Grace. It is known he does not need blood, but feeds off a type of energy. However, he differs from other vampirates in other ways also; he is telepathic, able to go out into the light, and his cloak is of a similar material to the sails of his ship in that it appears to have veins of light in it. He wears a mask during most of the series, and though it covers his face, Grace could tell when he smiled at her.

Darcy Flotsam – Darcy is the figurehead of the Vampirate ship by day and „figure of fun“ by night. It is found out that she became so when the ship she sang on sank, and her soul became infused with a figurehead. Darcy is highly fashion conscious, and often lends clothes to her friends. She is Grace’s best friend, and Grace often consults her on matters of the heart.

Quintus Antonius Sidorio – Although referred to by his last name almost entirely, Sidorio was a criminal born in the time of Julius Caesar in Cilicia. It is later discovered that he kidnapped Caesar, and was killed by the same name after being tricked by him. He is vain and violent, and is banished from the Nocturne after trying to attack Grace. He formed a ship of rebels, and unlike the Nocturne, they fed whenever and wherever they liked, often ravaging whole coastal towns. Later it is revealed that he is Grace and Connor’s real father.

The donors – Donors are humans who live on the Nocturne. They, while not vampires, are immortal while being fed on frequently. Many have a special relationship with the vampire who feeds off of them. The ’sharing‘ is done once a week, at a lavish event called simply ‚the Feast‘. The donors are fed a special diet of high nutrient food, so that the vampires require less to survive. It is revealed that when a vampire stops feeding from a donor, they age rapidly.

Captain Molucco Wrathe – Molucco is the captain of the Diablo, and is one of three pirate brothers. He is famous for his love of treasure and his disregard for others in his quest to obtain it. On this matter, he often argues with his deputy, Cheng Li. Also, for the snake, Scrimshaw, that lives in his hair. Although he appears kind and trustworthy, he is revealed to be manipulative and selfish, ensuring Connor signed his articles before he experienced any other life away from the Diablo.

Cheng Li – Cheng Li is introduced as deputy of The Diablo but later gets her own ship (the Tiger),given as a gift by the federation. She is known to be very serious about almost everything. She was introduced in the first book of the series, as she saves Connor from drowning. She clashes frequently with Molucco on how to captain the ship, arguing that he should abide by the rules of the Pirate Federation. It is later revealed she works for the Federation, and was hired to bring Molucco into line.

Bartholomew „Bart“ Pearce – Bart is a fellow pirate aboard The Diablo. He strikes up a friendship with Connor quickly, even donating his clothes and bed to him when he first arrives. He also acts as a guide, showing Connor the ropes and helping him settle down. He wields a broadsword, on account of his size. He constantly flirts with his fellow crew member, Cate, and later on in the series it appears they are in a budding relationship. He is known to be twenty two years old, but said that he would lucky to reach thirty. He, along with Connor and Jez, make up the Three Buccaneers.

Cutlass Cate – Cate is notoriously the best fighter on the Diablo, also the strategist for their battles, and later in the series, others come searching for her to hire her services. Regardless of her reputation, she is kind and generous, something that has made her many friends. She is promoted to deputy captain on the Diablo, after Cheng Li leaves. She teaches Connor how to sword fight as a reward for him saving Molucco’s life, at Connor’s request. These lessons together make the two close, and they become friends quickly. She, along with Bart, join Cheng Li’s crew on the ‚Tiger‘.

Sugar Pie – Sugar Pie is the second in command waitress at Ma Kettle’s Tavern. She is attractive, although also feisty, and is known to have comforted Connor and various other characters throughout the series.

Matilda „Ma“ Kettle – Ma Kettle is the owner of Ma Kettle’s Tavern. She is striking in appearance and personality, and is known to wear some highly eccentric dresses. She seems to have a close relationship with Molucco Wrathe, and the two often flirt, and hint at previous times together.

Dexter Tempest – Dexter is the twin’s father. He was the lighthouse keeper at Crescent Moon Bay, but died at the start of the first book. He met the twin’s mother, Sally, on a trip around the world when she was a donor on the Nocturne. He took a job as a kitchen porter to be close to her, and suggested they leave together. He became father to the twins after they were born and Sally was resting at Sanctuary, so as to protect them from their real father. In the fourth book, his soul and that of Sally’s are reunited and appear to pass over together.

Sally – Sally is the mother of the twins. She was a donor on the Nocturne, a donor to Sidorio. Sidorio was, unknown to anyone else at the time, in love with Sally. When Dexter came aboard the ship with plans to leave it with her, Sidorio impregnated her with a spell. It is revealed that her soul is one of the one’s the Captain had been harbouring.


Геништа, Николай Иванович

19 января 1865(1865-01-19)

Российская империя

27 марта 1932(1932-03-27) (67 лет)

Москва, СССР

Российская империя Российская империя СССР СССР

Николай Иванович Геништа (1865—1932) — русский военачальник, генерал-лейтенант.

Родился 19 января 1865 года в православной дворянской семье, сын статского советника.

Первое образование получил во 2-м Московском кадетском корпусе, вступив в военную службу 30 августа 1882 года. В этом же году окончил 3-е военное Александровское училище. После училища служил подпоручиком в 136-м пехотном Таганрогском полку. Чин поручика получил 14 августа 1888 года.

Затем Николай Иванович окончил в 1892 году Николаевскую академию генерального штаба и последовательно получал чины штабс-капитана (1893), капитана (1896), подполковника (1899) и полковника (1903). Звание генерал-майора получил в 1909 году, генерал-лейтенанта — в 1915 году.

Геништа был начальником Казанского пехотного юнкерского училища в 1904—1908 годах и начальником Александровского военного училища в 1908—1917 годах. В августе 1917 года уволен со службы по болезни с зачислением в резерв Московского военного округа. После Октябрьской революции вступил в РККА. Был инспектором и главным инспектором Главного управления военно-учебных заведений (ГУВУЗ)а. Преподавал в Высшей советской школе штабной службы с 1920 года. Затем был преподавателем Военной Академии РККА.

Умер 27 марта 1932 года в Москве, похоронен в 1-м ряду 4-го участка Новодевичьего кладбища.

Дважды был женат: 1-я жена — Мария Петровна, 2-я жена — Сорнева Вера Афанасьевна; дети: Николай (род. 1890), Михаил (род. 1901), Лев (род. 1904), Евгений (род. 1908), и Всеволод (род. 1914).


Der World-Inline-Cup ist die höchste Inline-Speedskating-Wettkampfserie der Welt.

Im Jahr 1999 fanden erste Versuche statt, eine Rennserie mit gleichem Wertungssystem und einheitlichen Regeln einzuführen. Der Cup stand unter der Leitung des europäischen Rollsportverbandes Confédération Européenne de Roller Skating (CERS). Die Firma Playlife war Hauptsponsor des Cups. 2000 wurde der Grand Prix erstmals ausgetragen. Die acht größten Wettkämpfe in Europa waren Teil des Grand Prix. 2001 schloss sich der Cup mit dem Weltverband FIRS und dem Comité international de course (CIC) zusammen. Ab diesem Zeitpunkt war der Cup weltweit mit Wettkämpfen vertreten. Die drei Wertungskategorien Grand Prix, Class 1 und Class 2 wurden geschaffen. 2003 übernahm die Iguana Think Tank AG die Organisation. Iguana um Coni Altherr hatte bereits mit dem Swiss Inline Cup große Erfahrungen. Der Cup wurde in dieser Zeit in World Inline-Cup umbenannt. 2006 erfolgte die Übernahme der Rennserie durch die Iguana Schweiz AG. 2014 löste die Iguana Deutschland GmbH mit Sitz in Berlin, die bereits seit 2008 die Organisation des German Inline Cup innehat, die Iguana Schweiz AG ab.

Seit 2000 gab es einige Veränderungen im Wertungssystem. Anfänglich waren alle Rennen gleichwertige Grand-Prix-Rennen. Ab 2001 wurden zusätzlich zum Grand Prix zwei weitere Klassen gebildet, je nachdem, wie angesehen der Wettkampf kontinental sowie weltweit war: Class 1 und Class 2. Ab 2003 wurde die Klasse Grand Prix nicht mehr benutzt. An die Stelle des Grand Prix trat die Klasse Top Class. Bis 2004 bestanden diese drei Klassen nebeneinander, bis ein Jahr später erstmals kein Class-2-Rennen mehr ausgetragen wurde.

2006 wurde in Basel, anstelle des Massenstart-Rennens, erstmals ein Teamlauf ausgetragen, was im folgenden Jahr wiederholt wurde. Für jeweils drei bis vier Frauen und drei bis fünf Männer gilt es über 25 km die schnellste Zeit zu laufen, hierbei ist die Zeit des dritten Läufers ausschlaggebend. Ab 2007 wurden einige Top-Class-Rennen aufgewertet (maximal drei), in denen mehr Preisgeld und Punkte für die Gesamtwertung ausgeschüttet wurde. Diese Rennen tragen keine gesonderte Bezeichnung. Zur Kennung werden sie im Artikel mit Top Class (200) bezeichnet.

Seit 2010 bestehen nur noch die beiden Klassen Top Class und Class 1.

Die Punktevergabe ist starr und es gibt zwei Abstufungen der Wertigkeit der Rennen. Je nach Wertigkeit können für den Sieger 150 und 90 Punkte vergeben werden. Die Punkte der Top Class-Rennen außerhalb Europas werden jeweils mit dem Faktor 1,2 multipliziert und gerundet, während die Punkte des letzten Rennens der Saison mit dem Faktor 1,4 multipliziert und gerundet werden.

Die Punktevergabe erfolgt ausschließlich für WIC-Skater mit einer WIC-Lizenz.

2000 | 2001 | 2002 | 2003 | 2004 | 2005 | 2006 | 2007 | 2008 | 2009 | 2010 | 2011 | 2012 | 2013 | 2014 | 2015 | 2016

Wings Financial Credit Union

Wings Financial Credit Union is a non-profit, member-owned credit union headquartered in Apple Valley, Minnesota. With assets of more than $4 billion, the credit union serves employees in the air transportation industry including employees of AirTran Airways, Delta Air Lines, JetBlue Airways and others. Wings was chartered in 1938 and is regulated by the National Credit Union Administration (NCUA).

Wings provides financial services to the employees of more than 50 different airlines, many aviation support companies and every government agency that touches the air transportation industry. Wings operates 19 branch offices around the country including branches in Atlanta, Orlando, Memphis, Detroit, Minneapolis/St. Paul, and Seattle. Most offices are located at or near airports. Wings Financial also offers an ATM network of over 60,000 surcharge-free ATMs coast to coast. The credit union offers online services including membership applications, loan applications, account information and remote deposit. Wings Financial is the largest credit union based in Minnesota and is among the country’s largest credit unions with over $4 billion in assets.[citation needed]

Wings Financial was founded in 1938 as the Northwest Airlines Employees Credit Union by a group of seven Northwest Airlines employees in St. Paul, Minnesota. Assets at the end of 1938 stood at $359. The credit union grew slowly and steadily over its first few years. Significant growth began after World War II as Northwest Airlines expanded across the country and across the Pacific. Between 1945 and 1949, the Credit Union grew nearly 500% in assets fueled by those returning from the war.

Subsequent years saw consistent growth from the credit union. The credit union passed $100 million in assets in 1984 and achieved the $500 million milestone in 1997. In August 2001, the credit union passed $1 billion in assets. In 2004, the credit union decided to expand beyond Northwest Airlines and open its doors to anyone employed in the air transportation industry in the United States. To reflect a changing membership, the name of the credit union was changed to Wings Financial Federal Credit Union.

Wings Financial has continued to grow and now has over $3.8 billion in assets. Wings Financial is the official credit union for JetBlue Airways, Sun Country Airlines, Omni Air International, Midwest Airlines and Allegiant Air. It also serves regional carriers Pinnacle Airlines, Mesaba Airlines, Republic Airways, Compass Airlines and Colgan Air. In total, Wings serves employees working for more than 50 different airlines.[citation needed]

In August 2009, members of Wings Financial voted to become a state-chartered credit union, extending membership to thirteen counties in the Minneapolis-Saint Paul area.

In 2010 Wings announced a merger with City County Federal Credit Union of Minneapolis, doubling the number of branches it operated in the Minneapolis-St. Paul area and increasing its membership by 50%. The merger was finalized in 2011.

Membership is available to most people employed in, retired from, or whose job directly supports the air transportation of people or cargo, immediate family members of persons engaged in such activities, and family members (including household relationships) of a current credit union member.

In addition, those who live or work in the 13-county Minneapolis/St. Paul Metro area and the Seattle-Tacoma area as defined below are eligible for membership in Wings Financial.

Membership Eligibility Details:

Once becoming a member, membership can be passed to family members.

Ivar Orgland

Carl Ivar Orgland (13 October 1921 – 16 June 1994) was a Norwegian philologist, lexicographer, translator and poet. He is especially known for his work with Icelandic culture, and language and literature.

He was born in Oslo, finished his secondary education in 1939, and graduated with the cand.mag. degree in 1946 and the cand.philol. degree in 1949. From 1950 he worked at the University of Iceland, as a research fellow until 1952 and then lecturer in the Norwegian language. He left the University of Iceland in 1960, and after two years as a high school teacher in Notodden, he was a lecturer in Norwegian at Lund University from 1962 to 1969. In 1969 he also took the dr.philos. degree. The doctorate, on the subject of Stefán frá Hvítadal, was taken at the University of Iceland, and Orgland was the first foreigner to do so. From 1969 to 1973 he was a lecturer at the Oslo Teachers‘ College, and from 1973 to 1979 he was a lecturer in the Icelandic language at the University of Oslo.

He became known for translating Nordic works to Nynorsk, especially Icelandic—both medieval and modern—but also from the more obscure Faroese language and Modern Gutnish. Anthologies include Islandske dikt frå Solarljod til opplysningstid, Islandske gullalderdikt and Islandske dikt frå vårt hundreår. For his body of work he won the Bastian Prize, awarded by the Norwegian Association of Literary Translators, in 1986. He also issued several original works of poetry, having debuted in 1950 with the work Lilje og sverd (‚Lily and Sword‘). He has also written Norwegian-Icelandic dictionaries. During his younger days, he was also a tenor singer.

He was decorated with the Commander Cross of the Icelandic Order of the Falcon. He lived in Asker for the later part of his life, and died in 1994.

Liste der Baudenkmäler in Pinzberg

Auf dieser Seite sind die Baudenkmäler der oberfränkischen Gemeinde Pinzberg aufgelistet. Diese Liste ist eine Teilliste der Liste der Baudenkmäler in Bayern. Grundlage ist die Bayerische Denkmalliste, die auf Basis des bayerischen Denkmalschutzgesetzes vom 1. Oktober 1973 erstmals erstellt wurde und seither durch das Bayerische Landesamt für Denkmalpflege geführt und aktualisiert wird. Die folgenden Angaben ersetzen nicht die rechtsverbindliche Auskunft der Denkmalschutzbehörde.

Dormitz | Ebermannstadt | Effeltrich | Eggolsheim | Egloffstein | Forchheim | Gößweinstein | Gräfenberg | Hallerndorf | Hausen | Heroldsbach | Hetzles | Hiltpoltstein | Igensdorf | Kirchehrenbach | Kleinsendelbach | Kunreuth | Langensendelbach | Leutenbach | Neunkirchen am Brand | Obertrubach | Pinzberg | Poxdorf | Pretzfeld | Unterleinleiter | Weilersbach | Weißenohe | Wiesenthau | Wiesenttal

17 octobre

Chronologies thématiques

Croisades • Ferroviaires • Sports
Disney • Catholicisme

Abréviations / Voir aussi

Le 17 octobre est le 290e jour de l’année du calendrier grégorien, le 291e en cas d’année bissextile. Il reste 75 jours avant la fin de l’année.

C’était le 26e jour du mois de vendémiaire dans le calendrier républicain français, officiellement dénommé jour de l’aubergine.

Bonne fête aux :

Et aussi aux :

Les noms de plusieurs voies, places, sites ou édifices, de pays ou régions francophones, contiennent cette date sous différentes graphies : voir Dix-Sept-Octobre .

Sur les autres projets Wikimedia :