East Rochester Junior-Senior High School

East Rochester Junior-Senior High School (ERHS) is a public high school serving 596 students in the seventh through twelfth grade in East Rochester in the U.S. state of New York and is part of the East Rochester Union Free School District. The student–teacher ratio is 12 to 1. The principal is Jill Slavny.

On February 3, 2007, a hydrogen fuel cell was installed at the high school, providing self-generated electricity to the school. Cheerleading

ERHS is known as „The Home of Champions“, with a history producing state-wide and national champions in several sports, including golf, baseball, bowling, wrestling, and cheerleading. The school has several new or renovated facilities and has recently switched to the Wayne County League, where it competes against schools its own size.

The ERHS Bombers have won Section V team titles in several sports, including:

The Bombers have also won state titles including the following teams:

In 2004, 2005 and 2006, more than 75 percent of graduates received a Regents diploma, which exceeds the state average. Student weighted overall test scores compared to other schools in New York is 76 (0–100 scale).

„For exceptional work in 2002-03,“ English teacher Mary Eilers-Knapp received a certificate for excellence in teaching from the Margaret Warner Graduate School of Education and Human Development at the University of Rochester.

Lafayette Mendel

Lafayette Benedict Mendel (February 5, 1872 – December 9, 1935) was an American biochemist known for his work in nutrition, with longtime collaborator Thomas B. Osborne, including the study of Vitamin A, Vitamin B, lysine and tryptophan.

Mendel was born in Delhi, New York, son of Benedict Mendel, a merchant born in Aufhausen, Germany in 1833, and Pauline Ullman, born in Eschenau, Germany. His father immigrated to the United States from Germany in 1851, his mother in 1870.

At 15, he won a New York State scholarship. Mendel studied classics, economics and the humanities, as well as biology and chemistry at Yale University and graduated with honors in 1891.

He then began graduate work at the Sheffield Scientific School on a fellowship and studied physiological chemistry under Russell Henry Chittenden. He finished his Ph.D. 1893 after only two years; his thesis topic was the study of the seed storage protein edestin extracted from hemp seed. Upon graduation, he began as an assistant at the Sheffield School in Physiological chemistry. He also studied in Germany and was made an assistant professor on his return in 1896. He became a full professor in 1903 with appointments in the Yale School of Medicine and the Yale Graduate School as well as Sheffield.

With Chittenden, Mendel became one of the founders of the science of nutrition. Together with longtime collaborator Thomas B. Osborne he established essential amino acids. As early as 1910 he found an important growth factor…later to be known as vitamin B. In 1903, at age 31, he was appointed full professor of physiological chemistry. In promoting Mendel, Yale made him one of the first high-ranking Jewish professors in the United States. Capping his illustrious career Mendel was appointed Sterling Professor of Physiological Chemistry in 1921. Of the twenty professors to be designated Sterling professors in the decade following their inception in 1920, only two were selected before Mendel. Of the twenty, Mendel was the only Jew.

Mendel wrote over 100 papers with Osborne of the Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station, where Mendel was also an appointee. In their early work, they studied the deadly poison ricin which is classified as a type 2 ribosome inactivating protein (RIP) from castor beans. He was a member of the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences.

Mendel and Osborne’s most important work involved the use of carefully controlled studies on rats to study the necessary elements in a healthy diet. They discovered Vitamin A in 1913 in butter fat – independently discovered by Elmer McCollum and Marguerite Davis, who submitted their publication first, with both papers appearing in the same issue of the Journal of Biological Chemistry – as well as water-soluble vitamin B in milk. They showed, for example, that a lack of Vitamin A in the diet led to xerophthalmia. They also established the importance of lysine and tryptophan in a healthy diet.

Mendel wrote many articles and published Changes in the Food Supply and Their Relation to Nutrition (1916) and Nutrition, the Chemistry of Life (1923).

Mendel married Alice R. Friend on July 29, 1917; they had no children. He died in 1935 of a heart condition after a long illness. His house in New Haven is a National Historic Landmark.

Mendel received many honors during his career. He was made Sterling Professor at Yale in 1921. He was the first president of the American Institute of Nutrition. He was made a member of the National Academy of Sciences in 1913. He won the American Institute of Chemists Gold Medal in 1927 „for his outstanding contributions to chemistry“. He won the Conné Medal of the Chemist’s Club of New York in 1935 „for his outstanding chemical contributions to medicine“.

Бангольд, Иосиф Конрад

26 ноября 1780(1780-11-26)


27 марта 1851(1851-03-27) (70 лет)

Бад Каннштат


Война третьей коалиции,
Война пятой коалиции,
Война шестой коалиции

Иосиф Конрад Бангольд (нем. Joseph Konrad von Bangold; 1780—1851) — военачальник вюртембергской службы, генерал.

Родился 26 ноября 1780 года в Шпальте.

Обучался в университете Эрлангена — Нюрнберга, где в 1798 году вступил в студенческий союз. Позже учился в университете Ландсхута[de] философии. Затем учился в Вене в медико-хирургической академии, где стал доктором медицинских наук, защитив докторскую диссертацию.

30 апреля апреле 1803 года Бангольд в чине младшего лейтенанта служил в гарнизоне Штутгарта в Вюртемберге на офицерской должности. 5 ноября 1806 года он был произведен в лейтенанты и в 1808 году стал служить при штабе генерал-квартирмейстера. После повышения до чина старшего лейтенанта 6 января 1809, года он стал генерал-адъютантом при корпусе герцога Вильгельма I. Участвовал с ним в кампании 1809 года против Австрии.

23 мая 1809 года пожалован в капитаны II класса, 1 января 1812 года — в капитаны I класса и 17 сентября 1812 года — в майоры.

Во время вторжения Наполеона в Россию, Бангольд в 1813 году был начальником штаба вюртембергских войск, которые во время битвы народов при Лейпциге перешли на сторону альянса. 17 ноября 1813 года он получил звание подполковника, а после битвы при Бриенне — 8 февраля 1814 года — полковника.

В 1821 году Иосиф Конрад Бангольд стал помощником Вюртембергского короля и главой Министерства обороны. По назначению генерал-майором 26 сентября 1822 года, он командовал 3-й пехотной бригадой.

В 1828 году стал губернатором Хайльбронна, в 1830 году — генерал-квартирмейстером, а в 1838 году — генерал-лейтенантом, командиром 1-й пехотной дивизии и губернатором Штутгарта.

В 1842 году Иосиф Конрад Бангольд вышел в отставку. Автор мемуаров и записок, хранящихся в настоящее время в архиве Штутгарта.

Умер 27 марта 1851 года в Каннштате (ныне Бад Каннштат).

Ramsele witch trial

The Ramsele witch trial, which took place in 1634, is one of the few known Swedish witch trials before the great witch mania of 1668–1676.

In the year of 1634 a man and several women were put on trial in the city of Ramsele in Ångermanland in Norrland in Sweden. This was during a period of starvation, and they were accused of having stolen milk from their neighbors.

The man was said to have stabbed a knife in a wall and, uttering „terrible prayers,“ milked the wall through the knife. It had been claimed that the women had used small animals, hares and undefined creatures to milk cattle in their neighbor’s barns. The women were pointed out by Barbro Påvelsdotter from Sandviken, who was the first to be arrested, and confirmed to have been with her to Blockula.

Unfortunately, few records exist about this trial. In 1635, the vicar, Mr Elias, complained about the economic loss he had suffered because of the witches spells, and in 1636, the executioner Håkan of Säbrå received payment for „Having burned one warlock and four witches“. It is most likely that they were beheaded before they were burned, as no known witch in Sweden, with the exception of Malin Matsdotter, was burned alive.

The real witch-hunt came to Sweden late, and didn’t break out until 1668. It then reached its peak with the Torsåker witch trials. Witch trials were known in Sweden before 1668, but they were few and often ended with an acquittal or a mild sentence, not execution, such as the case of Brita Pipare Stockholm in 1593. This is one of the few known examples of a „mass trial“ of sorcery in Sweden before the great witch hunt in the 1670s; before 1668, there are few examples in Sweden of witch trials where more than two people were executed at the same time. Another example is the Finspång witch trial in 1617, where seven women were executed.

French Open 1983 (Badminton)

Die French Open 1983 im Badminton fanden am 2. und 3. April 1983 in Gonfreville statt. Es war die 53. Auflage des Championats.

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Herreneinzel | Dameneinzel | Herrendoppel | Damendoppel | Mixed



Untergröningen ist ein Ortsteil der Gemeinde Abtsgmünd im Ostalbkreis in Baden-Württemberg.

Die erste schriftliche Erwähnung erfolgte in einer Urkunde aus dem Jahr 1102, mit der Herzog Friedrich I. von Schwaben das von ihm gegründete Kloster Lorch dem heiligen Stuhl übergab. Als Überbringer der Urkunde wird ein Adeliger namens Wito von Groningen genannt.

Die Burg Untergröningen war 1351 im Besitz von Johann von Rechberg und blieb im Besitz der Grafen von Rechberg, bis sie im Jahr 1410 von Wilhelm von Rechberg an Schenk Friedrich von Limpurg verkauft wurde.

1564 ließ Schenk Christoph III. das Torhaus der Burg abbrechen und den südlichen Flügel des heutigen Schlosses bauen. Ost- und Nordflügel des Schlosses wurden zwischen 1606 und 1609 erbaut. Die Schlosskirche wurde 1609 als evangelische Gemeindekirche eingerichtet. Der Pfarrer von Obergröningen hielt die Gottesdienste abwechselnd in Ober- und Untergröningen. Das Schloss diente als Amtssitz für einen Vogt und als Jagdschloss. Der Ostflügel über der Schlosskirche war das Herrenhaus.

1635 starben an der Pest in Gröningen 103 Personen, im Jahr darauf nochmals 50. 1767 hatte Untergröningen 313 Einwohner.

Fürst Ludwig Carl Franz Leopold zu Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Bartenstein gründete 1779 eine katholische Volksschule und – durch Ansiedelung katholischer Untertanen – die Kolonie. Nach dem Tod Ludwig Karl Philipps ging die Herrschaft 1799 über an seinen Sohn Ludwig Aloys. Dieser tauschte 1804 die Herrschaft Gröningen ein gegen böhmische Besitzungen des österreichischen Fürsten und Reichsvizekanzlers Franz Gundaccar von Colloredo-Mansfeld. 1806 wurde die Herrschaft Untergröningen mediatisiert, und damit Teil des von Napoleon I. neu geschaffenen Königreichs Württemberg. Am 12. Januar 1827 verkaufte Rudolph von Colloredo-Mannsfeld Schloss und Herrschaft Gröningen an den Staat Württemberg.

Die Untergröninger bauten 1828 das Rathaus mit einer evangelischen Schule und 1838 eine steinerne Kocherbrücke. Vorher gab es eine überdachte Holzbrücke. Besonders in der Kolonie gab es arme Leute, die von der öffentlichen Fürsorge abhängig waren. Sie verdienten Geld in der Baumwollspinnerei und der Schachtelmacherei, andere als herumziehende Gewerbetreibende und Bettler. Wegen der früheren Fürstenresidenz gab es im Dorf vielerlei Handwerker: Bierbrauer, Gerber, Seifensieder, Uhrmacher, Seiler, Hutmacher, Konditoren, Drechsler und eine kleine Zündhölzchen-Fabrik. 1855 kam das verarmte Dorf unter Staatsaufsicht.

Seit 1858 hat Untergröningen eine eigene evangelische Pfarrei. 1862 wurde eine Realschule gegründet. Sie war zunächst im Schloss und wurde 1869 in das Rathaus verlegt. Die katholische Kirchengemeinde kaufte 1892 von der evangelischen Kirchengemeinde in Laufen drei Heiligenfiguren aus der Heerbergskirche: Maria, Barbara und Katharina. Damit kam die Wallfahrt zur Mutter Gottes vom Heerberg nach Untergröningen.

Am 1. August 1903 erfolgte die Einweihung der 18,5 km langen Oberen Kochertalbahn, einer Nebenstrecke von Untergröningen nach Gaildorf, wo Anschluss an die Bahnstrecke Waiblingen–Schwäbisch Hall-Hessental bestand.

1908 bauten die Untergröninger in der Wasenstraße ein neues Schulhaus und 1930 ein evangelisches Gemeindehauses neben der Kirche. Die beiden Konfessionsschulen wurden 1936 aufgelöst und durch die Deutsche Volksschule ersetzt. 1938 wurde Untergröningen dem Landkreis Gmünd zugeordnet. Im April 1945 führte der Todesmarsch von KZ-Häftlingen vom KZ Kochendorf zum KZ Dachau durch Untergröningen. Deutsche Soldaten sprengten die beiden Straßenbrücken über den Kocher und die amerikanische Armee zog kampflos ein.

1963 wurde ein neues, größeres, Schulhaus gebaut. Neues Bauland wurde erschlossen. Auch die Industrie fand Eingang. In der Gemeinde waren die Alobe-Strickwarenfabrik, eine Metallveredelungsfabrik, eine Blechwarenfabrik, ein Nummerierwerk, eine Kistenfabrik, zwei Hoch- und Tiefbauunternehmungen, ein Baugeschäft, ein Transportunternehmen, eine Brauerei, eine Obst- und Gemüsegroßhandlung ansässig.

Am 1. September 1971 wurde die bis dahin selbstständige Gemeinde Untergröningen mit Zustimmung der Einwohner zum Ortsteil von Abtsgmünd im Landkreis Aalen, der durch die Kreisreform 1973 im Ostalbkreis aufging.

Garrha agglomerata

Garrha agglomerata is a moth in the Oecophoridae family. It was described by Meyrick in 1920. It is found in Australia, where it has been recorded from South Australia.

The wingspan is about 23 mm. The forewings are light brownish-grey, suffused with grey-whitish posteriorly and with some scattered dark fuscous specks. There is a small suffused dark fuscous spot on the dorsum near the base and an elongate patch of purplish-fuscous irroration extending along the dorsum from near beyond this to near the tornus. There is also a cloudy dark fuscous dot in the disc at one-fourth. The stigmata is large, dark fuscous, the plical spot slightly beyond the first discal spot. There is an undefined oblique shade of purplish-fuscous irroration from the costa at two-thirds traversing the first discal spot and a rather curved subterminal shade formed of small subconfluent spots of dark purplish-fuscous irroration from the costa at two-thirds to the tornus, as well as an elongate costal patch of purplish-fuscous suffusion beyond this. The hindwings are light grey.

Mary Jobe Akeley

Mary Jobe Akeley (1878 – 1966) was an American explorer and naturalist, famous as one of the earliest women explorers in Africa where she and her husband hunted and photographed animals during their natural history studies. She is the author of Carl Akeley’s Africa, published in 1929, Lions, Gorillas and Their Neighbors, published in 1932 and Congo Eden published in 1950. Mount Jobe in Canada was renamed in her honor to acknowledge her exploration efforts in the Rocky Mountains.

Mary Lenore Jobe Akeley was born to Richard Watson and Sarah Jane Pittis Jobe on 29 January 1878. She grew up on her parents‘ farm in Tappan, Ohio and graduated from Scio College, Ohio. After graduation she taught at a public school until 1901 when she joined Bryn Mawr College. She later transferred to Columbia University, New York where she received her Master of Arts degree in 1909 after which she joined Hunter College as faculty in History.

She began exploring areas of British Columbia in 1905. In 1907 she traveled for three months in a small party led by Dr. Charles J. Shaw, exploring the Selkirk Mountains. A later expedition, led by Professor Herschel Parker, was the first to set foot on Mount Sanford. By September 1913, she had made six trips exploring British Columbia and studying the Carrier Indians in their villages. In 1913, in an expedition lasting ten weeks and covering over 800 miles, she travelled alone except for an occasional Indian guide hired to take her to the next village. For many of the Indians, she was the first white woman they had ever seen. They promptly dubbed her Dəne tsʼeku, their native language for „Man-Woman,“ because of her clothing and straight-forward demeanor.

In 1913, while at Hunter College, the Canadian Government commissioned her to study the customs and history of Eskimos and Indian tribes in the Canadian Northwest. While studying and photographing the native tribes in the region, she explored regions of the Canadian Rockies and mapped the Fraser River in 1914, and in 1915 discovered and mapped the then unnamed and unexplored Mount Sir Alexander locally known as Big Ice Mountain, making two unsuccessful attempts to ascend the peak. She was nominated as a fellow of The Royal Geographic Society of London and was awarded a membership in the American Geographical Society for her work in this period. She was also an early member of the American Alpine Club. Mount Jobe was renamed in her honor by the Geographic Board of Canada in 1925.

In 1914, she purchased a 45 acre parcel of land in Mystic, Connecticut to set up Camp Mystic – a summer camp for girls. The camp was conducted annually from 1916 and served as an introduction for girls to the outdoors. The camp frequently hosted renowned explorers who spoke of their adventures and travels to the girls. In 1930, the camp was closed due to the Great Depression. The tract of land that housed Camp Mystic is now open to the public as a Peace Sanctuary.

In 1924, she married Carl Ethan Akeley, the naturalist and taxidermist, a year after his divorce from Delia Akeley. She travelled to the Belgian Congo with him in 1926 to collect specimens for the American Museum of Natural History, New York. She and her husband studied Gorillas near Mount Mikeno and surveyed the region for the possibility of setting up a Gorilla sanctuary. When Carl Akeley died in 1926 during the expedition, she continued and led the expedition, mapping regions of the Belgian Congo, Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania or Tanganyika as it was known then. Upon her return to the United States, she was appointed as adviser and actively raised funds for the Great African Hall of African Mammals in the American Museum of Natural History. In 1936, when the hall opened, it was renamed Akeley Hall in honor of her husband. In 1928 she was invited by Albert I of Belgium to enlarge the Albert National Park since renamed Virunga National Park, which she and her husband had worked to set up at Mount Mikeno. While there, she realized the danger that modern day hunting and cultural influences posed to the African wildlife and tribal customs and crusaded for the establishment of game preserves and worked to safeguard the tribal customs of the pygmies. In 1935, she led an expedition through the Transvaal, Portuguese East Africa and Kruger National Park to study the wildlife and the Zulus and Swazi people. In 1947, the Belgian Government requested her to revisit Africa to survey the wildlife sanctuaries in the Congo. She filmed several critically endangered African mammals on this trip to raise awareness about wildlife conservation before returning to the United States. She died of a stroke on 19 July 1966 at Camp Mystic.

Mary Akeley received the Cross of the Knight, Order of the Crown, for her work in Africa from Albert I of Belgium in 1928. She was among the earliest women explorers in the Canadian Northwest and Africa. She also supervised some of the last instances of museum taxidermy. She was inducted into Ohio Women’s Hall of Fame in 1979 and the Connecticut Women’s Hall of Fame in 1994. In 2003, a historical marker was erected in her honor, in Deersville, Ohio, close to her birthplace of Tappan.

Kelly Brook

Kelly Brook, egentlig Kelly Ann Parsons (født 23. november 1979 i Rochester, Kent, England) er en britisk fotomodell og skuespillerinne. Hun er iblant også TV-programleder.

Brook studerte ved Italia Conti teaterskole i London i tre år før hun ble profesjonell fotomodell. Hennes karriere som modell skjøt fart i 1995 da hun vant en skjønnhetskonkurranse og begynte å stå modell for blant annet Bravissimo Lingerie, som spesialiserte seg på behåer og underklær for storbystede kvinner. Hun gjorde også reklame for ølmerket Foster’s Lager. Redaksjonen for tabloidavisen Daily Star fikk øynene opp for Brook og tilbød henne en modellkontrakt.

I 1997 figurerte Brook i Pulps musikkvideo til låten „Help the Aged“; hun danser med Huck Whitney fra gruppen The Flaming Stars.

Kort tid etter fikk Kelly Brook oppmerksomhet av tidsskriftet FHM, og i 2005 toppet hun bladets liste over verdens mest sexige kvinner. Brook har deretter gjort reklame for badedrakter, sportsklær og damestrømper. I 2006 lanserte hun en egen kolleksjon av badedrakter og underklær for den britiske kleskjeden New Look.

Julinummeret 2008 av Sky Magazine inneholder en bildereportasje, der Brook er stylet som skuespillerinnen Rita Hayworth og iført en kopi av den svarte tettstittende stroppløse satengdrakten som Hayworth bar i filmen Gilda fra 1946.

Da Brook bare var 18 år gammel, 1997, begynte hun å presentere ungdomsprogram på MTV, Granada Television og Trouble TV. I et halvår i 1999 var hun en av programlederne for morgenprogrammet The Big Breakfast.

Brook har hatt biroller i en rekke filmer og TV-serier. I første sesongen av Smallville spilte hun rollefiguren Lex Luthors kjæreste. Etter å ha fått en liten roll i The Italian Job i 2003 spilte Brook året etter, hovedrollen i School for Seduction. Hun spiller italienerinnen Sophia Rosselini som kommer til Newcastle for å lære opp lokalbefolkningen i forførelsens kunst.

I 2007 deltok Brook i Strictly Come Dancing, som i Storbritannias tilsvarer Skal vi danse, der hun danset med den profesjonelle danseren Brendan Cole. Brooks far, Kenneth Parsons, døde i løpet av sesongen, og hun forlot konkurransen.

Etter å ha brutt opp fra et sju år langt forhold med skuespilleren Jason Statham, traff hun i 2004 skuespilleren Billy Zane, og paret forlovet seg, men gikk fra hverandre i april 2008.

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Urban agglomeration of Montreal

Montréal (06) is one of the administrative regions of Quebec, Canada.

It is also a territory equivalent to a regional county municipality (TE) and a census division (CD), for both of which its geographical code is 66. Prior to the merger of the municipalities in Region 06 in 2002, the administrative region was co-extensive with the Montreal Urban Community.

Located in the southern part of the province, the territory includes several of the islands of the Hochelaga Archipelago in the Saint Lawrence River, including the Island of Montreal, Nuns‘ Island (Île des Sœurs), Île Bizard, Saint Helen’s Island (Île Sainte-Hélène), Île Notre-Dame, Dorval Island (Île Dorval), and several others.

The region is the second-smallest (499.19 km², or 192.74 sq mi) and most populous (1,854,442 at 2006 census) of Quebec’s seventeen administrative regions.

It consists of the 2002–2005 territory of the city of Montreal, and is coextensive with the Urban Agglomeration of Montreal (French: Agglomération de Montréal). Following merger of all the municipalities of the agglomeration into one on January 1, 2002, sixteen of its municipalities were reconstituted on January 1, 2006. The urban agglomeration is governed by the Montreal Agglomeration Council (French: Conseil d’agglomération de Montréal).

The executive of the urban agglomeration is the agglomeration council. The weighting of votes for the council breaks down to 87% for the City of Montreal, and 13% for the other municipalities of the Island of Montreal.